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ABC Learn

Video Library Beta

ABC video clips sourced for the Australian curriculum in partnership with Education Services Australia

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Please be aware that this digital clip may contain references to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who may have passed away.

Video Clip
Before The 1967 Referendum [5:09]
Network
ABC Four Corners
Broadcast
16th May 1967
Summary
Margaret Valadian in panel discussion, 1967
Download Clip [16.40 MB]
Learning Area
English, History
Strand/s
Reading and viewing, Speaking and listening, Historical knowledge and understanding
Year/s
9-12

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Description

This clip is from an edition of the ABC 'Four Corners' program titled 'In the Shadow', which concluded with a panel discussion hosted by Robert Moore. Panel member Margaret Valadian is featured here, and Moore introduces her as the first Indigenous person to graduate from an Australian university. Speaking before the 1967 Referendum, which proposed the removal of discriminatory parts of the Australian Constitution, Valadian talks about issues confronting Indigenous Australians. Indigenous entertainer Jimmy Little and Rugby League footballer Eric Simms are the other panel members.

Educational Value

This clip is a valuable resource for a study of the civil rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders before the 1967 Constitutional Referendum, which put forward two proposals and was held on 27 May. Proposal two involved the removal of  discriminatory references to Aboriginal people in two sections of the Australian Constitution (sections 51 and 127). The subsequent Yes vote was over 90 per cent.

In the clip, Aboriginal activist Margaret Valadian highlights the interconnected issues of poverty, substandard housing, lack of a good education and the racism experienced by many Aboriginal people.

Compere Robert Moore presses Valadian to respond to specific racist views about Aboriginal people and asks if she has any sympathy for people with such views. Valadian says the views reflect narrow mindsets, limited experiences, and a lack of analysis of contexts such as poverty and limited education.

This clip is a valuable resource for the study of an individual's role in achieving change for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Margaret Valadian, who is known now as the first recognised Aboriginal graduate of Queensland University and one of the earliest Indigenous people to be a university graduate, is seen in this clip presenting her perspective in a current affairs program.

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Rights and freedoms

Metadata © Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Education Services Australia Ltd 2010 (except where otherwise indicated). Digital content © Australian Broadcasting Corporation 2010 (except where otherwise indicated). You may view, display, print out, copy and modify this material for non-commercial educational purposes provided you retain all acknowledgements associated with the material.